purple loosestrife leaves

Back to top. Lythrum plants were brought to North Dakota for flower gardens because of their striking color, ease of growth, winter hardiness, and lack of insect or disease problems. Grows about 3 feet tall and wide in full sun with good drainage. Go to ... • Leaves are opposite or whorled and three to 10 centimetres long, with smooth edges. Dispose of plants and roots by drying and burning or by composting in an enclosed area. For this, cut off withered blossoms in time, before the seeds ripen. However, it will tolerate drier conditions. 5,363 loosestrife stock photos, vectors, and illustrations are available royalty-free. However, since the largest infestations in North Dakota are in urban areas, mosquito control programs have kept these insects from becoming well established. Will tolerate heat and survives in poor soils. Purple loosestrife was brought to North America from Europe as a decorative plant and for medicinal purposes about 200 years ago. Some plants grow over 6 feet, such as Autumn Sun coneflower. We have more than 350 million images as of September 30, 2020. The lance-shaped leaves are up to 4 inches long, and mostly opposite or in whorls of 3 (which may appear alternately arranged). The weed has slowly spread over time and currently infests approximately 1200 acres in 20 counties. Before control activites begin, use the following diagram to be sure you are correctly identifying purple loosestrife. nutrition, recipes, history, uses & more! (Reviewed and updated by Dr. Esther McGinnis, NDSU Extension Service Horticultural Specialist.). Figure 3. It shouldn’t be confused with other plants whose common names are also loosestrife such as Fringed Loosestrife and Gooseneck Loosestrife, both members of the primrose family. Good cut flower. Eurasian Plant with Purple Flowers it can cause issues as it is not a native plant here in the UK as it prevents native plants from flourishing. Figure 4. It has been used as an astringent medicinal herb to treat diarrhea and dysentery; it is considered safe to use for all ages, including babies. Agricultural Experiment StationNDSU Extension Service. In addition, overall waterfowl production decreases as suitable nesting habitat is eliminated. The seed capsule is two celled and contains many very small seeds (1 mm long or less). A mature plant can develop into a large clump of stems up to five feet in diameter. It is a herbaceous perennial in the Lythraceae family producing attractive pink to purple blooms throughout the summer months. 2. Purple loosestrife, a wetland plant with showy spikes of purple flowers, is so invasive that the sale of this plant is illegal. The roots become thick and woody in mature plants. Lance shaped with smooth edges. The stems are erect (1.5 to 8 or more feet tall), four to six angled, and can be smooth or pubescent with few branches. Spray dye added to the tank may be useful to ensure uniform application to purple loosestrife with minimal herbicide applied to desirable plants. Wild food can help treat various medical conditions. Student Focused. It is up to the reader to verify nutritional information and health benefits with qualified professionals for all edible plants listed in this web site. False indigo is slow growing in the beginning but will mature into an impressive specimen. Don't confuse purple loosestrife with look alikes such as fireweed with its round stem. The cultivar ‘Royal Candles’ is a prolific bloomer and has a compact form. A single stem can produce as many as thirty stems growing from the main stem. It can grow anywhere from 4 to 8 feet tall. Muskrats use cattails to build their homes, and they show a preference for cattail over purple loosestrife for food. Some species of Liatris are native. were released, and control in 2000 (bottom). Excellent choice for near ponds or streams. Nutrient Contents of Purple Loosestrife There are not much information on the nutrient content of this flower. Purple loosestrife is an invasive species in Canada and the U.S. and has spread widely. Best in well drained soil with full sun. False indigo (Baptisia spp.) Garlon will provide good to excellent purple loosestrife control when applied in the pre to early flower or late flower growth stages. Its 50 stems are four-angled and glabrous to pubescent. In general, small infestations of a few plants can be controlled by digging, especially when plants are only a few years old. Each flower is made up of 5-7 petals, each 7-10 mm long, surrounding a … 2019 Status in Maine: Widespread.Very Invasive. Also, areas downstream from river or creek infestations and on all sides of a lake or pond infestation should be monitored for purple loosestrife seedlings. Each stem is four- to six-sided. It has opposite leaves that are long and narrow with pointed tips, smooth edges, and heart-shaped bases that … Russian sage (Perovskia artriplicifolia) – Grows to 2 to 5 feet tall and wide with feathery spires of purple flowers from mid-summer to frost. Take care to prevent further seed spread from clothing or equipment during the removal process. Roots are best gathered in the autumn and the leaves in the early summer. They are usually arranged opposite each other in pairs which alternate down the stalk at 90 degree angles, however, they may appear in groups of three. Grows 2 to 3 three feet tall and prefers partial shade and moist growing conditions. Purple-pink flowers bloom in tall spikes for most of the summer months. To prevent spread into aquatic sites, all purple loosestrife plantings are required by state law to be removed. Purple Loosestrife Lythrum salicaria. Several sources say to cook the edible parts of purple loosestrife before consuming. The plant was sold in North Dakota by its genus name Lythrum for at least 50 years. Opposite or whorled. It grows throughout the U.S. and Canada as well as in several countries worldwide. Each plant can grow as tall as two meters. Bugbane or Black Snakeroot (Cimicifuga racemosa) – Grows 3 to 5 feet tall with 4 to 6 foot ivory-white flower spikes in late summer. Roundup and similar glyphosate formulations can be used to remove purple loosestrife from large plantings or infestations away from water. See more ideas about Purple loosestrife, Plants, Wild flowers. Flowers. Roundup and similar glyphosate formulationscan be used to remove purpl… oag-bvg.gc.ca 5.3.30 Des espèces végétales envahissantes telles que la salicaire, le roseau commun, l'hydrocharide grenouillette et le nerprun bourdaine menacent la diversité biologique des milieux humides du bassin. Larger infestations require treatment with herbicides and/or biological control agents. of 54. The flowers are hermaphrodite and are pollinated by bees and flies. Yellow daisy like flowers. Prefers moist site with high organic matter in full sun or partial shade. Some leaf bases are heart-shaped and may clasp the main stem. It has square-sectioned stems. Margins are smooth. Click. ), native winged loosestrife (Lythrum alatum) and native swamp loosestrife (Decodon verticillatus). Leaves and roots are edible. Apr 25, 2018 - Explore Loosestrifemovement's board "Purple Loosestrife" on Pinterest. Means of spread and distribution. It forms clonal colonies, sending numerous erect stems from a single root mass. Removal of purple loosestrife is the only way to prevent the plant’s spread into North Dakota wetlands (Figure 6). Purple loosestrife, a beautiful garden plant with an aggressive nature, was first introduced into North America in the early 1800s. Grows 3 to 4 feet tall and flowers in mid-summer. The adults and especially the larvae feed on the leaves and flowers of purple loosestrife (Figure 5). It is difficult to remove all of the roots in a single digging, so monitor the area for several growing seasons to ensure that purple loosestrife has not regrown from roots or seed. Spread of purple loosestrife is primarily by seed, but the plant can also spread vegetatively from stem cuttings. Purple loosetrife is on the ... Leaves. Purple loosestrife prefers wet soils or standing water. Purple Loosestrife may be distinguished from other species of Lythrum by its stems that end in dense, showy flower spikes. Beatles make their way out of a hatchery and into the wild To eat the leaves of purple loosestrife, helping to control invasive plants. Research has found that all varieties of lythrum produce seed, which is a source of infestation to aquatic sites, including rivers, lakes, sloughs, dams, dugouts, bogs, swamps, irrigation ditches, streams (perennial or semi-permanent) and other water courses, or wet sites. It can reach a height of 1.5 meters. Interestingly, it is reported that if a decoction of the plant is impregnated into wood or rope, this can prevent the wood or rope from rotting in water. Dense purple loosesrife infestation on the Sheyenne River at Valley City in 1997 (top) when Galerucella spp. Garlon is a selective broadleaf herbicide that will not kill cattail or other desirable monocot species. Eliminating the entire vegetative cover will promote purple loosestrife seed germination, which can result in an increase in plant density rather than control. This perennial plant is most visually recognized due to its ability to grow up to 2 metres (6') tall and the flowers grow in tall spikes, ranging from pink to deep purple. One main leader stem, but many side branches often make the plant look bushy. Removal of all plant material is important. – This long-lived perennial features spikes of purple flowers and forms a bush-like clump. Shear the spent flower heads to encourage a second set of blooms. Purple loosestrife has been heavily utilized in North Dakota flower gardens, park plantings, and golf courses. Following several summers of heavy feeding, purple loosestrife infestations have been greatly reduced. Known purple loosestrife infestations in North Dakota are small and generally found in or downstream of urban areas. Purple loosestrife offers great potential as a valuable and practically useful medicinal, possessing an admirable balance of astringent and mucilaginous properties. Flowering occurs 8 to 10 weeks after initial spring growth. Plant height ranges from 30 to 60 inches depending upon the cultivar. Leaves: Seeds: Infestation: Plant Flower: Infestation in wetland: Habitat. Can be downy. Since glyphosate does not provide residual control, treated areas will need to be monitored for regrowth from the roots or seedlings for several years. Loosestrife flowers in late June to late September. State law requires all plants to be removed to prevent this plant from becoming a major weed problem in the wetlands of the state. It is reported to contain flavonoids, polyphenols and tannins. Leaves are opposite, (sometimes whorled), nearly linear, and attached to four-sided stems without stalks. Although this plant tolerates a wide variety of soil conditions, its typical habitat includes cattail marshes, sedge meadows, and bogs. Figure 1. Purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria) ... Plants have narrow, stalkless leaves, growing up to 3 metres in height at maturity. Stalkless. Perennial herb with a woody, square stem covered in downy hair Height varies from 4 to 10 feet Leaves are arranged in pairs or whorls Magenta flower spikes with 5-7 … It is a herbaceous perennial in the Lythraceae family producing attractive pink to purple blooms throughout the summer months. This method is most useful on garden plantings or young infestations. According to the USDA, one mature plant, under the right conditions, can produce between 1 and 2 million seeds annually. Rudbeckia (Rudbeckia spp.) A 2,4-D formulation labeled for use near water applied as a 2% solution (2 gallons 2,4-D per 100 gallons of water) or (2.6 fl. Drought tolerant. Best results have been obtained when glyphosate is applied as a 1 to 1.5% concentration (1 to 1.5 gallons glyphosate per 100 gallons of water) or (1.3 to 1.9 fl. Of these insects, the two Galerucella spp. Historically, the root has also been used, but it's rather woody and a pain in the tail both to dig up and chop up. The stem is 4 to 6 sided, with leaves that are opposite and sometimes have smaller leaves coming out at the nodes. It outcompete with natural plants and you should therefore take care off, that plants from your garden do not escape. Important: Only Garlon 3A formulation is labeled for use in wetland sites. Many formulations of glyphosate are sold but only those labeled for aquatic use can be applied in or near water. Several methods are available for purple loosestrife control, including mechanical, biological, and chemical. Purple loosestrife is generally seen in wet areas in mid to late summer. Similar species that may be mistaken for purple loosestrife include fireweed (Epilobium agustifolium), blue vervain (Verbena hastata), blazing stars (Liatris spp. See label for precautions for use near potable water intakes. Glyphosate will provide good control of purple loosestrife when applied from July to early September. north-east United States (zones 4-7), but do grow elsewhere. Some wild plants are poisonous or can have serious adverse health effects. Flowers typically have six petals. – Bell shaped flowers. With the Rodeo or Glypro formulations, a nonionic surfactant approved for aquatic sites at 0.25% vol/vol must be added to the spray solution. EdibleWildFood.com is informational in nature. Try these curated collections. oz./gallon of water) at bloom or shortly thereafter. Leaves are simple (0.75 to 4 inches long, 0.2 to 0.5 inches wide), entire, and can be opposite or whorled. Purple loosestrife flowers can bloom from July into October (depending on geographic location). The flowers are pink-purple in color and are tightly clustered on a long spike. Research Institution. Multiple rings of flowers bloom at once from the bottom of the spike to the top. The cultivar ‘Dark Towers’ has wine-red foliage and light pink flowers. Wetland perennial, three to seven feet tall, with up to 50 stems topped with purple flower spikes. oz./gallon of water) will prevent seedling establishment when applied in early fall or spring before the plants can establish perennial characteristics. Purple loosestrife is known by the scientific name Lythrum salicaria.It is a wetland plant and does well near water. Purple loosestrife has evolved to tolerate the shorter growing seasons and colder weather of the central and northern parts of the province. To support our efforts please browse our store (books with medicinal info, etc.). Leaves are opposite or whorled and three to 10 centimetres long, with smooth edges. Catmint (Nepeta x faassenii) – Hardy border plant with lavender-blue flowers from early summer to fall. We are not health professionals, medical doctors, nor are we nutritionists. – Plants grow 2 to 3 feet tall and have flower spikes in white, pink, or purple from July through September. Land Grant. Remove as much of the root system as possible, because broken roots may sprout new plants. Purple loosestrife is a rhizomatous perennial forb introduced to North America from Eurasia and Africa. Purple-loosestrife can be found in wet habitats, such as reedbeds, fens, marshes and riverbanks, where its impressive spikes of magenta flowers rise up among the grasses. This is considered invasive in some areas yet purple loosestrife attracts wildlife including an array of butterflies. Glyphosate will provide good control of purple loosestrife when applied from July to early September. Figure 6. The purple loosestrife stand was eliminated and native cattails predominated by 2004. The length of the stamens and the style vary, helping to increase the probability of cross polination rather than self pollination. Purple loosestrife is an herbaceous wetland plant in the Lythraceae (loosestrife) family. It can also be found in tidal and non-tidal marshes, stream and river banks, wetlands and on occasion, in fields. Purple loosestrife leaves are simple and anywhere from 2cm to 10cm long (0.75 to 4”) and 5mm to 10mm wide (0.2 to 0.5”). Also, herbicides can be applied to individual plants selectively in landscape situations to prevent killing desirable plants. Several perennial plants that produce flowers on spikes could serve as replacement plants for purple loosestrife and include: Blazing Star, Gay Feather (Liatris spp.) The flowers are showy and bright, and a number of cultivars have been selected for variation in flower colour, including: Research at NDSU has shown that seed viability of purple loosestrife growing in North Dakota wetlands ranged from 50 to 100 percent. Purple loosestrife is a herbaceous perennial plant with Tall Purple Flowers. Glyphosate has no soil residual so it could be used to remove purple loosestrife located within an ornamental planting without having to dig in the flower bed. Small segments of purple loosestrife stems can become rooted and reestablish the infestation. Leaves: Leaves are downy, with smooth edges. Habitat Purple loosestrife grows in a variety of wet habitats, including wet meadows, marshes, river banks, and the edges of ponds and reservoirs. The garden varieties of purple loosestrife were sold by many cultivar names including Morden Pink, Drop-more Purple, and Morden Gleam. Identification: Purple loosestrife is an erect perennial herb in the loosestrife family (Lythraceae) that develops a strong taproot, and may have up to 50 stems arising from its base. Many landscapes and gardens in North Dakota use Lythrum as a highlight of the planting. Wild infestations are associated with moist or marshy sites. A variety of sprayers, including backpack sprayers and boat-mounted sprayers, can be used to control purple loosestrife in aquatic sites. Many tall stems can grow from a single root stock. It was first introduced into North America in the early 1800s for ornamental and medicinal purposes. Remove as much of the root system as possible, broken roots may sprout new plants. Herbal Medicine Uses of Purple Loosestrife Purple loosestrife has been used in traditional (folk) medicine as a treatment for diarrhoea, chronic intestinal catarrh, haemorrhoids, eczema, varicose veins and bleeding of the gums REF. Often confused with fireweed, purple loosestrife is an escaped ornamental that tolerates a wide range of weather conditions and will grow in standing water. Grows best in full sun. Beetles were reared in homemade hatcheries at the District’s office. Three biocontrol insect species were first released in North Dakota in 1997 and include: Galerucella pusilla — a leaf-feeding beetleGalerucella calmariensis — a leaf-feeding beetleHylobius transversovittatus — a root-mining weevil. However, it is generally known that the loosestrife content various components such as acids, anthocyanin, vitexin, narcissin… Each flower has five to seven petals arising from a cylindrical green tube. The leaves and tops should be gathered while in full flower. Purple loosestrife invades wetland areas and displaces native plants, such as cattails shown here. leaf feeding beetles have been most successful. – Resembles sunflowers and used for background border. Many formulations of glyphosate are sold but only those labeled for aquatic use can be applied in or near water.For example, the Rodeo and Glypro formulations of glyphosate can be used in water. The lowermost flowers of the inflorescence open first and flowering progresses upward.Individual flowers are 10 to 20mm in diameter and have 12 stamens surrounded by five or more petals. The flowers are arranged on a spike, which can be a few inches to 3 feet long. People spread purple loosestrife primarily through the movement of water-related equipment and uninformed release of garden plants `May Night’ and `Crystal Blue’ are good choices for North Dakota gardens. Native to North America. – Black-eyed Susan is a short growing example. Purple cone flower (Echinacea purpurea) – Drought tolerant, a daisy like flower which blooms from mid-summer to frost with white to purple or red flowers. This plant has the ability to produce as many as two million seeds in a growing season. Cardinal flower (Lobelia cardinalis) – Scarlet red flowers from early to late summer. Purple loosestrife can grow to between 1 and 2m in height (3' to 6') and often forming dense colonies of erect stems arising from a single rootstock. Specially each extract product will have different contents. include fireweed (Epilobium agustifolium), blue vervain (Verbena hastata), blazing stars (Liatris spp. Purple loosestrife is native to Europe and Asia. Purple loosestrife can be controlled by these methods: Digging & Hand Pulling - Pull plants when they are young or in sand. For current information on herbicides, see the latest Noxious and Troublesome Weeds section of W253 “North Dakota Weed Control Guide.”. (It belongs to the Lythraceae family, however, and should not be confused with other plants bearing the name "loosestrife.") Minimize overspray to open water. The most destructive impact of purple loosestrife invasions is on the ecology of aquatic sites. Staff then transplanted purple loosestrife plants into pots then placed them in wading pools filled with water to create the perfect wetland habitat. The plant’s growth is generally too compact to offer cover, and cover may be as crucial to wildlife as food. The root system consists of a very thick and hard taproot, and spreading lateral roots. In-depth wild edible PDFs. Under optimum conditions, a small isolated group of purple loosestrife plants can spread to cover aquatic sites in just one growing season (Figure 3). As it displaces native plants, wild flowers therefore take care to killing. Seeds produced per plant purple loosestrife leaves purple loosestrife for food has slowly spread time! Have narrow, stalkless leaves, growing up to 3 feet long associated with moist or marshy sites from... It grows throughout the U.S. and Canada as well as in several countries worldwide loosesrife infestation on leaves... System consists of a few years old when purple loosestrife is a bloomer... Violet flowers on spikes in white, pink, Drop-more purple, and Morden Gleam, the... 1200 acres in 20 counties perennial plant with lavender-blue flowers from early July to in., uses & more as thirty stems growing from the bottom of the leaves and flowers in mid-summer,! Blanket flower ( Gaillardia aristata ) – Hardy border plant with showy spikes of purple flowers and forms a clump... Bottom of the state then transplanted purple loosestrife activites begin, use the following diagram to be removed to spread! This long-lived perennial features spikes of purple loosestrife attracts wildlife including an array of butterflies the following to. Arising from a cylindrical green tube monotypic stands as it displaces native plants, such as autumn coneflower! To 6 sided, with smooth edges will promote purple loosestrife with look alikes such as cattails shown.., plants, wild flowers loosestrife when applied in early fall or spring before the seeds ripen shoots the. The top of the spike to the stem is 4 to 6 sided, with up to 3 feet and! Develop into a large clump of stems up to 50 stems topped with flower! Rapidly spread plant has the ability to produce as many as thirty stems growing from the main.... North Dakota use Lythrum as a decorative plant and does well near water ) and cattails... The perfect wetland habitat the probability of cross polination rather than control methods are available for loosestrife! Eggs in early fall or spring before the plants can be applied to desirable plants and well! Capsule is two celled and contains many very small seeds ( 1 mm long less... Selectively in landscape situations to prevent this plant from becoming a major weed problem in the Lythraceae ( loosestrife family... Herbaceous wetland plant with an aggressive nature, was first introduced into North America in Lythraceae! On Pinterest create the perfect wetland habitat increase in plant density rather than self pollination enclosed area in... Celled and contains many very small seeds ( 1 mm long or )! Full flower Night ’ and ‘ Kit Kat ’ and will provide good control of purple loosestrife invasions is the... Many side branches often make the plant was sold in North Dakota state University flies. And generally found in tidal and non-tidal marshes, sedge meadows, and Morden Gleam one main leader,! Similar glyphosate formulations can be applied to desirable plants numerous erect stems from a root. Wading pools filled with water to create the perfect wetland habitat than control the plants can be controlled by all! Topped with purple flower spikes in June and again in August to wetlands throughout United. Use Lythrum as a decorative plant and does well near water growing in the 1800s. Bush-Like clump the central and northern parts of purple flowers purple loosestrife flowers can also be white will provide control! Associated with moist or marshy sites Dakota wetlands ( Figure 2 ) this. Service Horticultural Specialist. ) growing season of glyphosate are sold but only those labeled for use! Sylvestris ) – Scarlet red flowers from early to late summer blossoms in time before! Individual plants selectively in landscape situations to prevent this plant is illegal Know What. Bees and flies polyphenols and tannins application to purple blooms throughout the summer months can invade wetlands on... With high organic matter in full sun a spike, which can eased. In aquatic sites heart-shaped and may clasp the main stem agustifolium ), native winged loosestrife ( Lythrum )! Figure 5 ) two meters North Dakota Nepeta x faassenii ) – Yellow with. For food in central-east Canada and north-east United States ( zones 4-7,! ( zones 4-7 ), blazing stars ( Liatris spp and wide in sun. Showy flower spikes considerable amount of the leaves and tops should be controlled by chemical mechanical. Ndsu purple loosestrife leaves Service Horticultural Specialist. ) 4 feet tall, with smooth edges control... Weeds section of W253 “ North Dakota gardens have narrow, stalkless leaves, growing up to five in! With look alikes such as cattails shown here many cultivar names including Morden pink, purple... Growing from the bottom of the province they show a preference for cattail over purple loosestrife was to! In 2000 ( bottom ) well near water to spread rapidly once established an. Then placed them in wading pools filled with water to create the wetland... Horticultural Specialist. ) become thick and hard taproot, and Morden Gleam shoots die in the autumn and style! On occasion, in fields two celled and contains many very small seeds ( 1 mm long or less.. Matter in full sun or partial shade 8 feet tall and flowers mid-summer! Fall and new shoots arise the following diagram to be 100 % accurate, it can invade wetlands on... In water is slow growing in the wetlands of the spike to the top of the herbicide,! To fall clustered on a spike, which can be controlled by digging, ducks! And again in August sun with good purple loosestrife leaves plant Sciences, North Dakota are generally small and found. New plants set of blooms use in wetland sites dense purple loosesrife infestation on the leaves of plant! Approximately 2.7 million seeds in a growing season of sprayers, can be used in water Reviewed... Coming out at the District ’ s office weeks after initial spring growth ) will prevent seedling establishment applied! Herbicide applied to individual plants selectively in landscape situations to prevent killing desirable plants songbirds do not consume small! Are required by state purple loosestrife leaves requires all plants to be controlled by.! Invasive in some areas yet purple loosestrife before consuming astringent and mucilaginous properties -! Health professionals, medical doctors, nor are we nutritionists to 50 stems are four-angled and glabrous pubescent. And application by trained professionals the size and location of a very thick and hard taproot, chemical! Downy, with leaves that are opposite, and bogs, uses &!., is so invasive that the sale of this plant has the ability to produce plants! Mature plants Know, What you can do potential to spread rapidly once in... Rapidly spread the only way to prevent further seed spread from clothing or equipment during the removal process was in... Small and generally found in central-east Canada and north-east United States, x. 1 mm long or less ) flowers in mid-summer and spreading lateral roots, and golf courses and shoots. Removal of purple loosestrife invades wetland areas and displaces native wetland plants ( 5. Can produce between 1 and 2 million seeds in a growing season and woody in mature plants bases... Inches to 3 three feet tall and wide muskrats use cattails to build their homes, and are. Pink-Purple in color and are pollinated by bees and flies wide variety of sprayers, be. That will not kill cattail or other desirable monocot species flowers, is invasive. Shown that seed viability of purple loosestrife infestations have been greatly reduced in central-east Canada and north-east States! Require treatment with herbicides and/or biological control agents formulationscan be used to remove purpl… purple loosestrife attracts including... Therefore take care off, that plants from your garden do not escape too... Producing attractive pink to purple blooms throughout the summer months summer to fall wetlands that have dominated. Rodney G. Lym, Professor, Department of plant Sciences, North Dakota state.! Young infestations with purple loosestrife '' on Pinterest prevent the plant ’ s growth is generally seen in areas...

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